Link to USGS home page.
Contact USGS

  • Assess
  • Prepare
  • Forecast
  • |
  • Activity
  • Products
  • Observatories
  • About

Alert Level: ADVISORY, Color Code: YELLOW
2018-10-10 02:48:35 UTC

U.S. Geological Survey
Tuesday, October 9, 2018, 4:48 PM HST (Wednesday, October 10, 2018, 02:48 UTC)

19°25'16" N 155°17'13" W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Activity Summary: Kilauea Volcano is not erupting. Rates of seismicity, deformation, and sulfur dioxide gas emissions are low and have not changed significantly in the past week.

Observations: HVO monitoring during the past week shows low rates of seismicity, deformation, and gas emission at the summit and East Rift Zone (ERZ). Earthquakes continue to occur primarily at Kīlauea's summit area (magnitude-2.4 was the largest) and south flank with continued small aftershocks of the magnitude-6.9 quake on May 4, 2018. Seismicity remains low in the lower ERZ.

In the ERZ, tiltmeters near Puʻu ʻŌʻō and farther east have recorded a slight inflationary trend in the past few weeks. At the summit, tiltmeters have recorded a slight deflationary trend. Both trends suggest some magma may still be moving into the ERZ from the summit magma reservoir system.

Sulfur dioxide gas emissions at the summit, Puʻu ʻŌʻō, and the ERZ remain drastically reduced at the combined rate of less than 300 tonnes/day.

Hazards are still present in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption area and at the Kīlauea summit. Residents and visitors near recently active fissures and lava flows should stay informed, heed Hawaii County Civil Defense warnings, and be prepared, if necessary, to self-evacuate in the unlikely event of renewed activity. Please note that Hawaii County maintains a closure of the entire flow field and the vents and prohibits access to the area unless authorized through Civil Defense.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor Kīlauea's seismicity, deformation, and gas emissions for any sign of reactivation, and maintains visual surveillance of the summit and the East Rift Zone. HVO will continue to issue a weekly update (every Tuesday) and additional messages as warranted by changing activity.


Activity summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862

Subscribe to these messages:

Webcam images:


Lava flow maps:

Definitions of terms used in update:

Overview of Kīlauea summit (Halemaʻumaʻu) and East Rift Zone (Puʻu ʻŌʻō ) eruptions:

Summary of volcanic hazards from Kīlauea eruptions:

Recent earthquakes in Hawaiʻi (map and list):

Explanation of Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes:


The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is one of five volcano observatories within the U.S. Geological Survey and is responsible for monitoring volcanoes and earthquakes in Hawaiʻi.